Comparative study on the green building rating system in developing and developed countries

Rohini Chhatrapati Kale1*, Mayur Shirish Jain2

1Geoenvironmental Consultant, Republic Industry for Sustainable Environment, Bhandara, 441802, India.

2Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Indore, Simrol-453552, India

ARTICLE INFOR: Received: 18 November 2022; Revised: 27 November 2022; Accepted: 28 November 2022


J. Appl. Sci. Innov. Technol. 1 (2), 47-51 (2022)


The building sector is one of the major producers of greenhouse gases and construction waste. In 2018, the construction industry produced 39% of carbon dioxide, 11% of the global CO₂ emission from building materials and construction, and 28% from building operations. Promoting green buildings can solve the increasing demand for infrastructural development in a fast-growing economy such as India. Green facilities worldwide, including India, are defined and certified by various green rating systems against different evaluation criteria. In this study, the most recent rating criteria for green buildings were addressed and contrasted, such as Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) of USA, German Sustainable Building Council (DGNB) of Germany, Evaluation standard for green building (ESGB) of China, Green Star of Australia Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA), and Indian Green Building Council (IGBC) of India, based on general factors, critical standard criteria, and triple-bottom-line. The study proves the equal importance of the three pillars of sustainability in an ideal green rating system. The study provides scope for policymakers to improvise and encourage the green rating systems to make them better suitable for builders to adopt.

Keywords: Construction, Green building, GRIHA

Scope: Civil Engineering

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