Biopolymer-based materials for sustainable water treatment: A Review

Devesh Vishwakarma1 and Shikha1*

1Department of Environmental Science, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow-226025, India

ARTICLE INFOR: Received on 13 May 2022; Accepted: 09, June 2022; Published on 30 June 2022

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR: (Shikha) Email-  dr_shikha2003@yahoo.co.in, Tel: 9454452657

Journal of Applied Science, Innovation & Technology 1(1), 10-14 (2022)

Abstract

Biopolymers are eco-friendly, greener, biodegradable, and sustainable materials, which are obtained from living organisms and renewable resources. Natural biopolymers such as gum, alginate, starch, cellulose, and chitin/chitosan are environmental-friendly materials due to their biocompatibility, non-toxicity, simplicity of modification, and structural features. In recent years, several biopolymers have been used to make various biopolymer-based materials; the creation of biopolymer-based materials is the most effective technology. Biopolymer-based materials are novel and more efficient nanomaterials or sorbents for the removal of contaminants from water and wastewater. This review examines recent developments in the synthesis of alginate, starch, cellulose, gum, and chitin/chitosan-based materials using natural biopolymers.

Keywords: Biopolymers; adsorption; wastewater treatment; starch; gum; cellulose; alginate; chitin/chitosan

Scope: Environmental Engineering

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