A review on waste-to-energy by anaerobic digestion: A sustainable approach for the agriculture waste management and energy production

Nikita Kanaujia*, Jiwan Singh

Department of Environmental Science, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow, 226025, India

ARTICLE INFOR: Received: 22 November 2022; Revised: 18 December 2022; Accepted: 19 December 2022

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR: E-mail: nikitakanaujia18@gmail.com; Tel: +91-9560870121

J. Appl. Sci. Innov. Technol. 1 (2), 70-74 (2022)


  1. Agriculture waste generation, challenges, utilization and management.
  2. Anaerobic digestion is sustainable approach to managing agricultural waste.
  3. Reduction of recalcitrant and complex structure of agriculture waste.
  4. Different techniques for the enhancement of biogas from agriculture waste.


To manage enormous amounts of lignocellulosic waste and meet the world’s energy demand. The production of biogas from agricultural wastes represents an efficient and sustainable option. Lignocellulosic biomass is a renewable, environmentally friendly, and sustainable source of biofuels that has the potential to replace fossil fuels. In order to generate biogas, lignocellulosic biomass must be treated for recalcitrance due to the presence of cellulose and hemicellulose, and to its crystallinity, which minimizes the availability of fermentable sugars. To reduce the complexity of lignocellulosic biomass and for enhancing the yield, various pre-treatment is required. This review comprises the harmful effect of agriculture waste, the types of agriculture waste generated, and its utilization for energy production by using the pre-treatment technique.

Keywords: Agriculture waste; Waste management; biogas production; Lignocellulosic biomass; pre-treatment

Scope: Energy and Environmental Engineering

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